Wildlife

Common Doubts

Posted by Pranay Rai on February 21, 2016

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1) The difference between a Leopard, a Jaguar, a Cheetah and a Panther. Are they all the same as the people tend to think?
-Certainly No, they aren’t the same. Here’s the difference:

Leopard:
Scientific Name: Panthera Pardus;
The leopard is the smallest of the four ‘big cats’ in the ‘Panthera’ family, along with tigers, lions and jaguars.
Differentiating Characteristic: They look similar to the jaguar, however they are smaller and lighter and the fur patterning is slightly different; on a leopard, the ‘rosettes’ (circular markings) are smaller and are more closely spaced, and don’t usually have the black spots in the center of the rosettes like jaguars do. Leopards rosette pattern and overall color can vary slightly, however, depending on where they live.

Jaguar:
Scientific Name: Panthera Onca;
Differentiating Characteristics: The jaguar is often confused with the leopard due to the markings on the coat. Jaguars are, however, heavier, larger and sturdier than leopards, and the ‘rosettes’ on their patterning are larger, less closely packed, and usually have black dots in the centers.

Cheetah:
Scientific Name: Accinonyx Jubatus
Differentiating Characteristic: The fur is short and coarse, and has a pattern of evenly spaced black spots.

Panther:
There is no actual species called the panther, however ‘panther’ is a name given to either leopards or jaguars which are black in color due to an excess of the dark pigment melanin. They can also be referred to as melanistic leopards/melanistic jaguars.
The coat is almost completely black, however sometimes the rosette markings can just be seen if you look closely

2) What is the difference between a Crocodile and an Alligator?
A Crocodile has a V-shaped snout while an Alligator has a U-shaped, rounder snout.
When a Crocodile closes its mouth, the fourth tooth in its lower jaw can still be seen, which is not seen in an Alligator.

3) Difference between a Tortoise and a Turtle.
Tortoise:
Dwells well on land;
Heavy, dome shaped shells;
Short and sturdy feet with bent legs.
Turtle:
Dwells well in the water;
Mostly flat, streamlined, light-weight shells;
Webbed feet with long claws.


Bird Watching

Keoladeo National Park

Posted by Pranay Rai on February 21, 2016

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Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, also known as Ghana Bird Sanctuary, is one of the best bird sanctuaries in the world.
The name Keoladeo comes from the temple of Lord Shiva which is located in that area. And Ghana means ‘dense’. The sanctuary is a heaven for animal lovers and bird watchers.
The park is open throughout the year, although, the best experience of watching the migratory birds and pythons, comes in the winter months from mid October to February. December is considered to be the ideal month for bird watching as a plethora of birds can be seen.
The park allows the visitors to hire bicycles and rickshaws for the tour.
A narrow road, fit for cycling, winds its way throughout the park surrounded by dense green forest.
A sweet chirping of various birds can be heard in the magnificence of the forest. A large variety of birds can be seen basking in the sun, feeding the chicks, soaring high in the sky, plunging into the water bodies for fishes.
Along with the umpteen birds, mammals such as the Spotted Deer and Nilgais can be spotted.
On our visit, in September this year, a male Spotted Deer stag was seen crossing the road. It stood there for a few seconds, flaunting its majestic body, and then disappeared in the bushes.
A Nilgai was spotted running through the swamp waters, creating a sudden ruckus which alarmed the birds around the place. The then serene scene was filled with boisterous chirping and splashing of water in no time.
Frogs can be heard croaking around the muddy and still water of the marsh. Snails can be easily and abundantly found in the bogs.
The best thing about the park is the independency for the tourists. There are no limitations in the safari timings and zones. A person can go anywhere and can stay in the park until the sun sets. Guides, possessing an ample amount of knowledge about the flora and fauna and about the park, can be hired accordingly by paying an extra amount along with the tickets and bicycle charge.
The park is a bliss for the wildlife enthusiasts and is one of the must visit places in Rajasthan.

Environment Awareness

Ikebana by Ohara school from Gurgaon

Posted by Susan Sharma on January 23, 2016

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Exhibition of Ikebana by Ohara school from Gurgaon 


 Ohara School emphasizes seasonal qualities, natural growth processes, and the beauty of natural environments.





Ohara school of Ikebana specialises in bringing nature scenes to homes. With most people in urban areas living in multi -story flats with limited living space, it is all but easy to forget the beauty and happiness that natural landscapes provide.



 Learning Ikebana or flower arrangement where only real flowers and drift wood, seeds etc are used is a release for the creative aspirations of many a housewife. Collecting the materials which bring in harmony, which express the beauty of colors and arranging them as per the requirements of Ikebana is an art as is seen from the many arrangements pictured here.






Materials are arranged as if they are piled up in low flat containers with a wide surface area of water. It includes the Color Scheme Moribana, which expresses beauty of color, and the Landscape Moribana, in which the beauty of natural scenery is represented.


Traditional Method

This is a technique to express the beauty of scenery using limited materials, and arranging methods prescribed for these materials while observing their natural growth. This is a type of arrangement in which natural landscapes are represented in the limited space of flower containers.


Realistic Method

This is a technique to express scenic beauty by understanding the natural growth, environment, and the seasonal aspect of the material, and by mixing in the subjectivity and impressions of the arranger.









Travel

Tiger Safari Tour in North India at Corbett

Posted by Uday on January 17, 2016

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Corbett National Park was the first protected area to be declared as a Tiger Reserve. Named after the legendary hunter of man eating tigers Jim Corbett the region abounds with rich wilderness. The park is now a hub of tiger tourism and birding in India.


Situated at a height of six hundred MSL it is also known as the foothills of Himalayas. The towering mountains can be seen while on a game ride in the park. Divided into six zones namely:


Bijarani

Dhela
Jhirna
Dhikala
Sonanadi
Durga Devi  


The entry has to be booked in advance using the online facility or through a tour operator. All zones are equally good for a safari but I personally rate Dhikala and Bijarani as best. In Dhikala one can see plenty of birds apart from the tiger, wild elephant, sloth bear, gharial and marsh crocodile. For a game round Dhikala a stay in the complex is necessary. The booking is done in advance due to the heavy rush. Bijarani is good for tigers and other mammals found in the reserve.  


There are more than five hundred avian species to be sighted here. Many of these are altitude migrants while some arrive from far but local migrants and residents abound.


The region is having affinity with Indo-China hence one can see the goral as well on the mountain slopes. Hod deer is another species worth looking for. There are more than six hundred wild elephants which cover an extensive area.


The reserve is top rated by bird watchers in Northern India. The best season is of course in winters. For tigers summers is the best season but they are visible throughout the year. The destination has more than 200 tigers hence the impressive sightings. 


Joy rides on elephant back are also available which are conducted by the forest department in the zones. In the buffer region at Ramnagar one can hire privately managed elephants for ride in the forests adjacent to the Ramganga River. 


For safari in other zones stay at Ramnagar is the best as there are many hotels and guest houses. One can  avail any kind of accommodation depending upon one's budget.


Corbett is accessible from Delhi by road and a visit is often organized in a package tour. The itinerary often contains a visit to Bharatpur, Nainital and Corbett. While the first two are for bird watching the latter is for tiger tours apart from bird watching.


The destination is also accessible by train from Lucknow and New Delhi. Due to extreme cold one needs warm clothing and a cozy place to stay. If you are not in a package tour then hire a birding guide to hence the checklist.

Wildlife

Ravishing Ranthambore - Sight to behold

Posted by samanvay bhutani on December 28, 2015

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Dear Readers,

Thank you for turning up and reading my article.

My love for wildlife was merely an accident. I along with a few friends just landed up at Ranthambore National Park, Sawai Madhopur Distt. Rajasthan India. This was a very unusual trip for me since i have always loved luxury and relaxing holidays, but little did i knew that once i enter the forest  lovingly called as Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, I instantly felt a strong connect with this place.
  I hardly had any interest in wildlife and was doing absolutely nothing except for looking at a few deer's roam around and a few birds here and there and then to my surprise i was asked to sit back tight as the gypsy caught up with unusual adrenaline and it seemed like i was on the last ride of my life.
 For good two minutes i was rather angry for being there all covered by dust and splashes but than it all came to a halt and in a split second it changed my outlook for wildlife forever, A gigantic roar from across the bushes was enough to send chills down my spine,lips sealed i looked to the other side of waters(Rajbagh Lake) and it was a sight to behold and treasure. A female tigress(T-19) aka Krishna showed up frowning towards the maddened rush of gypsy and canters, As a few hundred eyes lit up seeing the beast walk around the bushes. It was an amazing thing to experience but what happened next was a mere dream.

The light started to fade away and as the tigress walked, from the bushes i heard another unusual sound and yes there it was a dream for many wildlife lovers, She was followed by 3 beautiful cubs. What more could you ask for, I stood admiring the beautiful relationship of the mother and her 3 adorable cubs who walked beside her in a straight line unaware of surroundings and soon disappeared in the habitat i now know as Malik Talab at Zone no. 3 of RNP.

Amidst the hustle bustle of my daily life coming into a jungle where i could literally hear myself breath,inhaling that fresh crisp air that brought peace to my mind, a feeling of a different world, a glimpse of a relation of a mother and baby which wasn't too different from real life human relations and that was the point RNP became a addiction and a wonderful 2nd home to me, I visit almost every month familiar to every Zone(1-10) and very familiar to almost all named tigers, May it be courageous story of T-16(Machli) or the Ravishing T-24(Ustaad) or the hunkT-72(Sultan) and many family like names to me now.

 Do love Nature, Protect Wildlife, Respect Animals and pledge to help make earth a better place for all to live in..!

Love
Samanvay

Photography

Time clicks

Posted by satheesh on November 17, 2015

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I have visited many wildlife sanctuaries accord south india .And iam deeply interested in wildlife photography which always emphasizes me with much eager and makes me learn in each and every picture.Since it is my first blog , i continue further in my coming blogs .  

Man Animal Conflict

Poshfoundation.inWe at Posh understand the concern you have for animals and share your value systems when it comes to helping the animals in distress. In case of emergencies time and information is of essence, Posh team is dedicated to assist you in case

Posted by Aditi Badam on November 14, 2015

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POSH FOUNDATION is a Delhi NCR based NGO actively involved in Animal welfare and awareness related issues.
https://www.facebook.com/poshfoundation.in

We at Posh understand the concern you have for animals and share your value systems when it comes to helping the animals in distress. In case of emergencies time and information is of essence, Posh team is dedicated to assist you in case of emergencies and we strive to improve our response systems to minimize the discomfort to the animal in distress.
Posh foundation is gearing up to optimize the rescue efforts and at present our efforts are concentrated in assisting in rescue of animals in distress in :

Noida,
G. Noida ,
Ghaziabad 
East Delhi
South Delhi

Rescue operations are a joint effort and it involves various stake holders of which the most important stakeholder is the person who is calling for help…YOU. Your call is very important to us and we would try our best to reach you in the shortest time possible.

Wildlife

Leopards are in a spot of bother-Pt.1

Posted by Soumya Banerjee on October 01, 2015

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The leopard in the above picture is the very embodiment of helplessness and misery. A young subadult, no more than 3 years old, it probably made its way from Rajasthan’s Kumbhalgarh National Park to Rajsamand district’s Sardul Kheda village, where its head got stuck in a pot, probably while it was looking for water.
This story has a happy ending ; the villagers who found the shell-shocked leopard roaming around with its head trapped in the pot informed the Forest Department, whose personnel tranquilized the leopard and set it free in Kumbhalgarh’s forests.

But numerous incidents of leopard “straying” dont end in the same way; in June this year, a leopard that had entered Tatuarah village in West Bengal’s Purulia district was brutally killed and strung up on a tree. Its paws and tail were hacked off. In August, another leopard was beaten to death in Assam’s Sivasagar, which has been a hub of man-leopard conflict for a long time.

The Purulia leopard, which met a grisly end.  Pic : deccanchronicle

The Purulia leopard, which met a grisly end.
Pic : deccanchronicle

According to estimates by the NTCA, India’s forests may host 12-14000 leopards,
though there is a lot of debate surrounding the veracity of this figure, as it is based on the arbitrary extrapolation of an estimated population of 7,910 leopards dwelling in tiger habitat.

One of Bandipur's leopards, captured on a camera-trap unit.  Pic : Ullas Karanth

One of Bandipur’s leopards, captured on a camera-trap unit.
Pic : Ullas Karanth

The most adaptable big cat, leopards are capable of residing in almost every conceivable type of habitat, ranging from the tropical evergreen forests of the Western Ghats and Arunachal Pradesh, to dry scrubland surrounding villages in Rajasthan and Gujarat, and the tea gardens of Assam and North Bengal. Leopard-human conflict is extremely common, as more and more of them are forced to dwell cheek-by-jowl with humans who destroy their forests and hunt their prey. Panicked residents of cities and villages who spot the big cat in their midst frequently attack it, without realising that the vast majority of leopards don’t see humans as prey. Untrained, under-equipped and overstretched forest department personnel are often forced to confront bloodthirsty mobs without police support. The ever-increasing nature of human population means that such incidents are becoming more commonplace.

Photography

indian birds crane

Posted by mohit kumar regar on September 26, 2015

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 some migratory birds come at pond named KAMAL wala talab ,
i think that is indian crane i click phoytos of them and i participate in wild life photography i place 3rd rank .

Environmental Education

Environmental issue

Posted by MD TABISH EQBAL on September 16, 2015

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environmental protection is one of the sensitive issue which we are facing today.



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