IIT Delhi plans course in phyto engineering (December Week 2 (2005))
Phyto technology is conversion of solar energy to biomass energy involving the use of plants. An extensive course in phyto engineering may begin soon at IIT Delhi’s Department of Chemical Engineering.
Benefits of phyto technology
• The technology can be used to treat waste water that surrounds wetlands. As a result the immediate surroundings in a wetland can be used for the process without investing in costly technology.
• Plants can be used to facilitate the recovery of eco systems after massive disturbances like tsunami, earthquake, coal mine and landfill reclamation and the restoration of lakes and rivers.
• Plants can be used as sinks for carbon dioxide to reduce the impacts of climate change.
• Plants can mitigate pollution impacts and moderate energy extremes.
Phyto technology can change the face of fuel technology. With costs of transportation escalating every single day, there is a need to look for comparatively cheaper options.
Cabinet clears Tribal Bill (Issue of the week, December Week 1 (2005))
The Government will introduce the Scheduled Tribes (Recognition of Forest Rights) Bill in the ongoing Winter session of Parliament, Information and Broadcasting Minister Priya Ranjan Dasmunshi has said. The Union Cabinet stamped its approval to the controversial
Bill on Thursday evening.
The bill seeks to recognise rights of forest-dwelling tribes to forestland and its produce. While wildlife enthusiasts are unhappy about the proposed Bill, another set of social activists and policymakers have demanded its passage.
"The enactment of this Bill will undo the historical injustice by recognising forest rights to the forest-dwelling scheduled tribes who have been residing there for generations and who are integral to the very survival and sustainability of forest ecosystems,"
the Government said.
Himachal to focus on wildlife tourism (December Week 1 (2005))
Keeping in view foreign tourists and nature lovers, the forest department of Himachal Pradesh has prepared an elaborate plan to focus on wildlife tourism.
The indigenous culture of mountain villages and wildlife offered a unique experience for visitors who had remained deprived of rare scenic beauty of these places which were isolated from urban areas for centuries.
These remote hamlets developed a highly distinctive culture, based on worship of local deities, characteristic architecture of houses and temples, impressive foldwood carving, silver jewellery and local handloom and handicraft which tourists are keen to see.
Himachal Pradesh was a rich repository of country's biggest bio-diversity which covered 7104 square km area spread over two national parks (1440 sq km) and 32 wildlife sanctuaries (5664 sk km) in altitude ranging between 200 mts and 6100 mts.
The wildlife tourism is a developing concept which encompasses eco-tourism, trekking, mountaineering, bird watching, wildlife and income generating community based tourism....
However, the protected forest areas could not be opened for tourists indiscriminately and it had to be assured that the local community and tourists not (not) indulge in poaching, or herb collection, which had caused considerable damage to forests and wildlife
in the past.
The forest department officers feel the economic empowerment of people living in the vicinity of protected forest areas was imperative for protection of forests and wild life and they must be made to realise that preservation of this valuable resource could
be the biggest source of livelihood for them as it would give boost to eco-tourism.
The Himachal Pradesh government had taken some decisions to put a blanket ban on poaching and felling of green trees in early eighties which went a long way in preserving forests and wildlife.
A large number of birds and animal species, which had either become extinct or declared endangered, could be saved due to efforts made by the wildlife wing and mammals like ibex, snow leopard, Himalayan thar, goral, blue sheep, Himalayan black deer, Himalayan
brown bear, Himalayan red fox, vulnerable musk deer etc had been listed in the red data book... The avifauna of Himachal had been reported recently and check list of birds of Great Himalayan National Park which fell within one of globally important endemic
bird areas. Identified by biodiversity project, it had 183 bird species, including 132 passerines and 51 non-passernes species.
This can be compared with 70 non-passerines and 150 passerines recorded throughout the hilly regions of Himachal Pradesh above altitude of 1500 mts, reports the Times of India.
Alibaug levies a green tax on visitors (December Week 1 (2005))
The Alibaug municipal council has begun collecting an environment fee from vehicles entering the town in order to meet the cost of cleaning up its beach and keeping the environs neat and tidy.
Cars, jeeps, mini-buses, tempos, buses and other heavy vehicles entering the zone have to pay Rs 10-50 as a daily fee.
"We receive a large number of tourists, especially on weekends. But the civic body does not have the money to provide facilities for them.
So the council has passed a resolution to introduce the tax," said Prashant Naik, a Peasants and Workers Party councillor.
The beach in Alibaug stretches over 2 km of white sand in a region dotted by farmhouses and villas built by Mumbai's rich and famous. Tourists often leave behind a debris of plastic bags, food packets and liquor bottles, say locals.
According to estimates, 500-700 picnickers visit Alibaug on weekdays and the figure doubles during weekends. The dustbins on the beach and a staff of four cleaners are largely inadequate to mop up the litter.
The new environment fee was introduced six months ago but its implementation was stayed because it had not been approved by the state. The council finally received a go-ahead and introduced the tax from November 11.
The council expects to earn Rs 2.5 lakh every month by way of fees. Local residents are exempted. "We have a beautification plan for the beach," said Umesh Kothekar, the council's chief executive officer.
"And we plan to employ more workers to keep the beach clean. We also want to instal toilets on the beach and hire regular lifeguards," councillor Naik added.
However, not everyone is pleased with the council's decision to levy a tax. "Alibaug is the district headquarters of Raigad. The collector's office, thepolice superintendent's office and the court are situated here.
Thousands of people come here for official work. They are not tourists and they do not visit the beach. But they too are being taxed," said a local resident.
Alibaug is not the first town in the state to introduce such a tax. The municipal council in Murud town in Raigad, which is famed for the Janjira fort, had introduced a levy.
The Mahabaleshwar municipal council too collects entry charges from tourist vehicles with the aim of providing better facilities for visitors.
Kalam suggests a network of rivers in Tamil Nadu (December Week 1 (2005))
President Abdul Kalam called for creating a network of rivers in the State by interlinking the Cauvery with other rivers, reports The Hindu.
Addressing the students and teachers of the Vellore Institute of Technology here, Dr. Kalam, who departed from his prepared speech, referred to his survey of flood-hit areas and the enormous quantum of water going waste.
To ensure that not much water was let into the sea, the Cauvery could be linked with the Vaigai, Palar and Tamiraparni. Ways should be found for transferring the surplus water to new water bodies in every State.
Inaugurating the Centre for Sustainable Rural Development and Research Studies at the VIT, he said a programme of sharing the water of two rivers in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh was now in the "project report preparation mode."
Stressing the need for proper water management, Dr. Kalam said it was one of the five areas of importance that would enable the country to achieve a 10 per cent growth for a decade.
Calling upon the VIT to carry out research on desalination, he said studies should be conducted to make the process cost-effective. They should also cover the cost of solar power. Agriculture, food processing, education, health care and information and communication
technology are the other areas of importance, besides self-reliance in critical technologies, he said, highlighting the concept of providing urban amenities in rural areas.
In his interaction with students, he asked them to launch small enterprises. "You should become employment generators, not employment seekers."
Call for mass movement to save lakes (December Week 1 (2005))
The Hindu covered a national seminar on `management of urban lakes' organised by Hyderabad Urban Development Authority (HUDA) in association with DHV Water (Technical Assistance Team). The Government launched a massive drive by involving local bodies and
encroachments had been removed to save lakes.
The proactive approach of HUDA and judicial activism brought about a consensus among bureaucrats, policy makers and voluntary bodies about the urgent need to protect and conserve lakes, Mr. Singh, Municipal Administration Secretary, said.
Appreciating the lake restoration work taken up by HUDA under the Netherlands-aided Green Hyderabad Environment Programme, he said the engineering interventions now needed to be sustained involving the community and stakeholders. HUDA Vice-Chairman K.S. Jawahar
Reddy said rapid urbanisation had resulted in extinction of lakes and rendered somehers like Hussainsagar ecologically dead due to pollution, sewage and encroachments.
Urban Forestry (HUDA) Executive Director K.S. Reddy said that of 400 lakes, 169 lakes were notified comprising an area of 3,000 hectares for protection and conservation. Under the Rs.172- crore GHEP programme, 87 lakes, including 18 highly-polluted lakes were
taken up for protection and conservation. Of 18, three lakes -- Saroornagar, Safilguda and Langar Houz -- were fully restored while seven were under treatment and eight more would be taken up in next two years.
Delegates from Jammu and Kashmir, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and other states attended the seminar.