Press on Environment and Wildlife
CM clears Rs 74 cr master plan for animal protection (December Week 3 (2005)) Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik ( Orissa)on Friday approved a master plan of Rs 74 crore for the safety of wild animals in Keonjhar and Bonai Forest Divisions. The money will be spent over a period of ten years.
With mining activities running full blast in these two Forest Divisions, the threat exposure of the wild animals has gone up many notches. Around 68,652 hectares of lands in the two divisions are given on lease for mining activities. The master plan will commence from 2006-07.
The money will be spent in developing the natural habitat of wild life and corridor development. The corridor will play a safe passage for animals who can move from one division to the other division. The master plan will arrest the problems of deforestation and stop timber smuggling.
Orissa objects to Polavaram project in Andhra Pradesh (Issue of the week, December Week 2 (2005)) The Orissa government has objected to the construction of the project on the ground that the 150 ft high dam will submerge several villages and agricultural lands in that State and displace hundreds of tribal families and others.
The Hindu reports that Orissa Chief Minister has addressed letters to the A.P Chief Minister resenting the latter’s decision to go ahead with the execution of the project without consulting Orissa. The letter to the Central Water Commission expresses ire at the clearances given without referring them to his government.
It is understood that construction has started based on a 1980 interstate agreement signed by the three riparian states-Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. In the intervening 25 years the cost of rehabilitation and resettlement would have gone up considerably.
A meeting between the two Chief Ministers is likely to settle the issue politically.
Green bodies planned for national parks (December Week 2 (2005)) The Rajasthan Government is considering appointment of ecological development committees in areas
adjacent to national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to ensure participation of local people in conservation of forests and wildlife and provide adequate livelihood opportunities to them.
The Minister for Forests and Environment, Laxminarain Dave, stating this here on Wednesday, pointed out that the step would provide a significant assistance to the poor tribals living on the margins of forests. He said connecting common people with the conservation activities would not only lead to their participation, but would also inculcate a sense of belonging to the natural heritage of the State. Mr. Dave, addressing the participants in a long march from the Ranthambhore wildlife sanctuary to Jaipur, said an experiment for associating the tribal population with the arrangements for boarding of tourists through the Nature Club had been launched in Udaipur. Similar initiatives could be taken in the forest areas, he added.
Referring to the disappearance of tigers from the Sariska wildlife sanctuary, Mr. Dave said the role of a bunch of criminals working for a gang had been exposed in this regard. He said the march would send across a positive message motivating the people at large to join the movement for environment conservation.
The rally was organised by Sawai Madhopur-based Mahatma Ishwarnath Seva Samiti, reports The Hindu.
Rare bird species sighted in Chambal areas (December Week 2 (2005)) The Hindu reported the birds sighted in Chambal in December.
Two bird experts— Munir Virani of the Peregrine Fund, an Idaho-based NGO, and Harsh Vardhan of the Tourism and Wildlife Society of India— who along with local nature-lover Ravindra Singh Tomar cruised the Chambal river on a boat and later trekked the Bhainsrodgarh sanctuary in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan last fortnight, reported sighting of more than a dozen species of vultures, eagles, hawks and owls.
The Nairobi-based Dr.Virani is on a regular assignment with the Peregrine Fund in the wake of the steep decline of vulture population in India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.
The first and foremost concern of the team was the status of the now threatened vultures and they could spot 33 Whitebacked vultures-- whose population is facing steep decline -- in the southern part of the Chambal river in the company of the Longbilled vultures, Egyptian vultures, Eurasian Griffin vultures and a lone King vulture devouring a buffalo carcass.
Along the Chambal in the north and south phases they could locate 76 occupied nests of Longbilled vultures and some Egyptian vultures as well.
"We could also spot seven occupied nests of Longbilled vultures at the Vindhian gorge overlooking the Rana Pratap Sagar, which extends its expanse to the neighbouring Madhya Pradesh,'' Mr.Vardhan informed.
Among them the sighting of the Black eagle, a bird restricted to the lower Himalayas from Punjab to Arunachal Pradesh, was a record. "The bird can be confused with Changeable hawk eagle, which too has a black face but its under wings are also totally black unlike that of the hawk eagle,'' Mr.Vardhan observed.
The sighting was a new record for the Chambal though the Keoladeo Ghana National Park near Bharatpur has a record of sighting it ("Birds of the Indian Sub Continent'' by Richard Grimmett, Carol Inskipp, Tim Inskipp).
Changeable hawk eagle— in fact a pair of it— was spotted inside the Bhaisrodgarh sanctuary and the visitors recollected seeing it in Sri Lanka recently. The bird is not common in Rajasthan though its sightings are recorded in Kumbalgarh sanctuary and from the Keoladeo Park.
Bonelli's eagle, a winter visitor in this part of the country, made its appearance to the visitors.
A resident of India, the bird is identifiable by its unique combination of white underbelly, which is variably streaked on the breast with dark terminal bands to the tail.
Tawny eagle, a resident bird soaring high amidst the Longbilled vultures was a common sight. Also flying high was Short toed eagle, another winter visitor to the area, which is identifiable by its dark head contrasting with the white underside of the body dotted with broken bars.
A pair of Longlegged buzzards, another winter migrant to parts of northwest India, the Thar desert, Rann of Kutch and Saurashtra, showed up hovering over during the surveyors stay in the area.
The bird's preference for semi desert is known. Mr.Vardhan termed the sighting of a Dusky eagle owl-- standing on a ledge near a vulture nest overlooking the Chambal— as "remarkable''. The team recorded Eurasian eagle owl, Kestrel and Blackshouldered kites during their wanderings in the Chambal terrain till now mostly known for its outlaws. "Raptors are the best part of the many splendour glories of the Chambal,'' Mr.Vardhan affirmed.
Wazirabad Park, a lab for students (December Week 2 (2005)) Hindustan Times reports that Delhi University and the Delhi Development Authority(DDA) have launched an ambitious project to woo visitors, especially students, to the Wazirabad –based park.
The Park is yet to be opened for the public. The park has a nature interpretation centre where students can learn about biodiversity, its conservation and use.
Vilas Gogate, consultant and coordinator of the park, says the migratory birds who visit the park include red-crested pochards, pintails and mallards. Nearly 170 species have visited this year.
Gogate says they have introduced hydrila, potomozitons, Cyprus grasses and sedges seed for migratory birds to feed on. “The park has also introduced several species of zoo-planktons and phytoplanktons which remove toxic elements from water. Rotifiers rae known to take bacteria as food and purify water. They also serve as food for fishes. Tubers of sedges are quite popular with aquatic birds. C.R Babu of the Centre for Environment Management adds that they are attempting to recreate the flora and fauna species that existed a hundred years ago. So far thaey have almost 75-100 species of aquatic plants.
The park aims to recreate the lost biotic communities of the Yamuna river basin, besides serving as an educational and research facility.
UN warns against unsustainable use of nature’s gifts. (December Week 2 (2005)) Dec10, Financial Express
The net gains in health witnessed over the last half a century could be wiped out r even substantially worsen over the next 50 years, unless steps are taken for sustainable use of nature’s gifts that support life on earth, a new united nations report has warned.
About 60% of these gifts-fresh water, clean air and relatively stable climate –are being degraded by human activity or used unsustainably, which could have adverse impact on the health of human beings, it noted.
The report “Ecosystems and human well being: health –synthesis”-said there are complex links between preservation of healthy and bio diverse natural eco system and human health.
“ Over the past 50 years, humans have changed natural eco-systems more rapidly and extensively than in any comparable period in human history,” UN world health organization director general Lee Jong Wook said, highlighting salient points of the document.
WHO’s lead expert on the report, Carlos Corvalan, said the benefits should be acknowledged.
But these benefits are not enjoyed equally. But the risks we face now from ecosystem degradation, particularly among poor populations directly dependent on natural eco-systems for many basic needs, have to be addressed,” he said.
Ecosystems, the report said, are “absolutely pivotal” to prevent disease. Many important human diseases have originated in animals, and so changes in the habitats of animals that are disease vectors or reservoirs may affect human health, sometimes positively and sometimes negatively, it added. For example, the report noted that the nipah virus is believed to have emerged after forest clearance fires in Indonesia drove carrier bats to neighbouring Malaysia, where the virus infected intensively farmed pigs, and then crossed over to humans.
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