Press on Environment and Wildlife
ENT surgeons plan anti-pollution drive (October Week 2 (2005)) ENT surgeons will launch a campaign against noise pollution that is causing loss of hearing and air pollution that leads to sinusitis and allergies among people. The Association of Otolaryngologists of India (AOI) State president C.V.Ramana Rao told newspersons here on Tuesday that AOI-AP would conduct a study and make recommendations to the Government. The incidence of "nerve deafness" caused by sound pollution was on the rise. Same was the case with allergies and sinusitis because of drastic increase in air pollution.
A committee would be formed to discuss with the Vice-Chancellor of the N.T.R. Health University changes in the curriculum of the ENT PG course, he said.
The association would conduct a workshop in ear microsurgery and endoscopy in Visakhapatnam shortly. Microsurgery and endoscopy experts from different parts of the country would attend the workshop, Dr. Ramana Rao said.
Cop booked for cutting trees in forest area (October Week 2 (2005)) Mr Darshan Kumar, Policeman in charge, Kup Chowki, had been booked under Section 379 of IPC for allegedly cutting and stealing Dalbergia and Acacia trees from the forest area owned by the state government. “Preliminary investigation revealed that the cop had stolen at least four massive trees from the land occupied by the state,” reports The Tribune.
Sources at Kup Kalan village, including the Sarpanch of the village, had informed the police that the in-charge, along with other associates and members of his family, had exploited his official position to steal at least four trees with the help of a tempo owner.
The Sangrur police chief had earlier ordered a probe into the case. The Kup Chowki in-charge was sent to the Police Lines after being placed under suspension, pending inquiry. The Forest Department authorities had issued a notice to the in-charge, asking him to deposit Rs 43,000 as cost of the stolen wood. Mr Chahal said the accused had not been arrested as he had been absconding since the registration of the case.
The police sources said the booked cop had been enjoying a special status for a long period. The officials wondered how a C-II level employee could act as an SHO of a chowki whereas junior employees were working as constables.
Jobs tangled in dense forests (Issue of the week, October Week 1 (2005)) The Telegraph wrote this report.
In a meeting of rural development ministers from all states on Tuesday, ministers from five states with dense forest cover posed a vital question: how would they justify getting environmental clearance for projects on mega scales?
The ministers were from Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.
The meeting was called by the rural development ministry to initiate a dialogue with states on the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh told the ministers that states must generate the resources they expend. He said the projects that would guarantee jobs for the rural poor should be directed towards creation of productive assets.
The Centre plans to generate employment by initiating projects aimed at water harvesting, land resource management etc.
Responding to the Centre’s suggestions, the ministers from the five states said getting environmental clearance for even minor projects was a tough job.
“There are large tracts of forest land. They have been demarcated as reserve forest or are parts of national parks, sanctuaries or tiger reserves. How will we start mega projects here?” asked a minister.
Several important tiger reserves and national parks — Kanha, Bandhavgarh, Jim Corbett, Palamau, Rajaji National Park to name a few — are located in these states. “It is not very easy to start big projects here,” said another minister.
Rural development minister Raghuvansh Prasad Singh said the states had raised a “very logical” question. Ministry officials said the answer might lie in evolving a synthesis between development and environment protection.
The Hindu reported the
PM asking Ministry officials, activists environmentalists to resolve differences
• Two drafts of the Bill exist: one prepared by the Ministry of environment and Forests, another by the Tribal Affairs Ministry
• Dr. Singh wants concerns of environmentalists, activists to be addressed before the final draft
Attending a meeting of the stakeholders, including officers from the Ministries of Environment and Forest, and Tribal Affairs, environmentalists and those working for the tribal rights here on Friday evening, Dr. Singh asked them to thrash out differences over the issue as the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) was committed to grant rights to tribals under its national common minimum programme (NCMP).
The issues that come up during the discussion included the livelihood of displaced forest dwellers the denial of which amounted to a violation of human rights, the threat posed to tigers if they co-existed with humans and problems related to forest management.
Among those present were social activists Jean Dreze and Aruna Roy and wildlife activist Valmik Thapar.
Dr. Singh had asked the Ministry to implement seven major recommendations within three months. That period ends in October.
Will conservation of Environment ever be profitable? (October Week 1 (2005)) Or will it have to be just for environment’s sake? Most discussions about endangered ecological systems boil down to this debate. So did the presentation on the Mangreen Project - a mangrove restoration project in Tamil Nadu - by Dr Onno Gros and V Balaji at the Max Mueller Bhavan reports The New Indian Express. Dr Onno Gross, President of Deepwave, an Hamburg-based organisation, got together with V Balaji, a Ph D student at Bhartidasan University and the founder of OMCAR (Ocean Marine conservation, awareness and research). The result was a movement to protect the mangroves in Keezhathottam village in Pattukottai district. The village, situated on the Palk Bay, once had a dense mangrove population, which has thinned due to several commercial activities.
The importance of mangroves shot into limelight after some studies revealed that the areas with a thick mangrove population were least affected by the tsunami.
Dr Gross, using this as a reference point during the presentation, talked about the gradual degradation of this ecological system. Balaji explained how the activities of fishermen (using thick, cut mangroves to trap fish, farmers (letting the cattle graze on the vegetation) and illegal encroachments by aquaculturists had contributed to this.
OMCAR has been functioning in Keezhathottai since over a year and had to overcome resistance from several quarters. Balaji says, “I had to talk to the community and convince them of the relevance of mangroves, after which they have supported and worked on the project just as well.”
He has also managed to work with the Forest Department officials though there were several hitches on that front. “We are talking to the forest officials to give up on the plan of replacing the exotic plants with the casaurina plantations,” says Balaji.
He explains that the villagers can allow the cattle to graze on the exotic plant that grows wild and abundantly.
But if the intentions are clear, one learns to work around things. And that is what OMCAR has done. The habitat is more favourable for the Avicennia species but the forest department has provided seeds of the rhizophora species.
Also, the canals that the department had dug got filled in as they were unused for long. OMCAR, having redug the canals, is growing rhizophora in such a way that it gets water from the sea when the tide comes in.
Poaching of rare wildlife (October Week 1 (2005)) The Hindu and other major newspapers reported that there is a huge market for Indian tiger and leopard skins in China, particularly in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR) and the skins are being openly traded there. The `thriving' and `uncontrolled' market may explain the increased poaching of tigers in India that has left at least one reserve devoid of tigers and four others almost empty, suggest the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) and the Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI). Air ins above normal levels in Manali, says new study
During its visit to Lhasa (Tibet), the WPSI team surveyed 46 shops and found 54 leopard skin `chubas' and 24 tiger skin `chubas' which were openly displayed in the showcases. Seven fresh leopard skins were offered for sale and within the space of 24 hours, the team was shown three fresh tiger skins.
Huge seizures of tiger, leopard and otter skins in India and Nepal indicate the existence of highly organised criminal networks behind the skin trade. They operate across borders, smuggling skins from India through Nepal into China and continue to evade the law.
Anxious to save its tigers and curb trafficking, India has joined seven other countries including the United States, Britain, China and Russia, in an effort to focus world attention on the increasing threat to this apex predator, which environmentalist here fear is facing near extinction due to hunting and trade
This first-ever mega cross-border project by the non-government sector, of which India is a part, will initiate a campaign to stress the urgent need to stop tiger trafficking and also organise a chain of events in eight countries spread over five days.
Over 650 endangered Star tortoises and 10 kg of a narcotic substance, were seized from an air passenger who was bound for Kuala Lumpur on Monday, a senior customs officer at Chennai said. The tortoises were later handed over to the Wildlife authorities and the drug has been sent for chemical analysis. The seizure of star tortoises comes close on the heels of the seizure of 350 star tortoises on September 20.
Wildlife authorities rescued a Slender Loris from a trapper at Vedanthangal on Tuesday. The poacher has been booked under the Wildlife Protection Act.
The Loris is an arboreal species and trapping them can be very difficult. Only those with the ability to climb trees can trap them, wildlife authorities said.
Looping power lines threat to animals (October Week 1 (2005)) The high-voltage power lines passing through the Kaziranga National Park (KNP) are in a deplorable state for which the wild animals of the park are facing a serious threat. Due to the negligence of the ASEB authorities, an elephant of the park died on September 12. According to sources, an elephant of nine feet height got electrocuted at Deochur area of Phulguri forest camp under Burhapahar forest of the park.
The park authority disclosed that the looping down of the power line was informed to the executive engineer of Kaliabor Division ASEB on June 24 and July 1 by range officer of Burhapahar range and DFO Wild Life respectively. But the ASEB authority showed negligence and as a result the elephant was killed. After receiving the information of the incident, the ASEB authority repaired the power line in that area. But, according to forest officials at some other places also the power lines are looping. And if the lines are not be repaired immediately lives of more wild animals will be in danger.
It may be mentioned that another elephant was also reportedly killed by electrocution at the same place on September 12, 2001. Hence, some forest officials term the place as ‘suicidal’. It is pertinent to mention that a large number of parrots were killed by 11 KV power line report of which was published in The Assam Tribune and the danger of such incident was highlighted before hand.
The Forest Department recovered two tusks of height 3 feet six inches and weight 7 kilogram from the dead elephant.
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