Press on Environment and Wildlife
Coca-cola ordered to stop production at Plachimada (August Week 4 (2005)) The Kerala State Pollution Control Board (PCB) has directed Coke to ‘‘stop production’’ at its Plachimada plant in Palakkad district with immediate effect. The plant had been in the eye of a storm with environmental protection crusaders demanding its closure for about three years, alleging that the plant was polluting and over-exploiting groundwater, thereby depriving locals of drinking water. In its order, the PCB said the company’s reply to its July-1 notice seeking a clarification on the source of cadmium in the sludge discharged by the plant was not satisfactory. ‘‘Although the company admits that cadmium is present in the sludge, no explanation has been offered about its source. It was detected by the board that due to cadmium in the effluent as well as the sludge, the groundwater in the vicinity was found contaminated,’’ the order said. The board also said that despite specific instructions to provide drinking water facility to people in the affected areas as per the directive of the SC Monitoring Committee, the company had not done it. The board also charged the company with failing to install reverse osmosis system for better effluent-treatment. While issuing the order, the PCB rejected the company’s written argument terming the board’s earlier notice as ‘ultra vires,’ prejudicial and amounting to judicial indiscipline. The PCB held that no person, institution, establishment or company had got the right to pollute drinking water as declared by the SC and the Kerala HC.
India’s first river-linking project to take off soon (August Week 4 (2005)) Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh will sign an agreement for the execution of a Rs 2000-crore Ken-Betwa link project in the presence of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Delhi on August 25. Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Babulal Gaur and his Uttar Pradesh counterpart Mulayam Singh Yadav will ink the agreement. This will be the country's first of the 16 river water transfer link projects identified by the Centre under peninsular rivers development component in deference to the wishes of President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam for interlinking of rivers to check recurring floods and droughts to ensure all round development. Chief Minister Babulal Gaur, expressing gratitude to the Centre for the clearance of the project said (The Hindu, Monday, August 22, 2005) `It has come as a gift to me on the completion of my first year in office.'' He said the project promises multi-objective development of water resources like irrigation, flood control, hydro-power generation, drinking water and fisheries. "The scheme provides for a water grid for Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh and interlinking canal backed by as many storage places as possible." He said the sharing of costs between the two states was being worked out. Besides generating 72 MW of power, the project would irrigate about five lakh hectares of land in Raisen, Vidisha, Chattarpur, Tikamgarh and Panna districts of the state. The project also envisages an earthen dam at Dhaudhan near Panna to store and divert Ken waters to meet Betwa near Jhansi. Mr Gaur added that another project linking Parbati with Kalisindh and Chambal would also be finalised shortly.
Another Yamuna? (Issue of the week, August Week 3 (2005)) The Gomti is under threat. And the 28 lakh Lucknowites — who consume 460 liters of water everyday — are looking at the frightening possibility of a severe outbreak of water-borne diseases. Reason: The River might soon have more toxic untreated waste from sugar mills, paper mills and liquor distillaries that dot its banks. Moreover, it also has tonnes of household garbage and sewage that flows down the 495 nullahs everyday. The worst news of all — neither the Lucknow Jal Sansthan, nor the mills, are ready to incur the huge costs required to treat the water which would make it fit for drinking. The Lucknow Jal Sansthan has already written a series of letters to the Sugar Cane Department, the Pollution Control Board and the district administration, drawing their attention to the high density of molasses and other wastes dumped into the river. Most of these untreated wastes are being dumped at Sitapur and Lakhimpurkheri. One such letter specifically mentioned a chemical test, which showed that the Sugar Mills in Hargaon, Biswa, Ramgarh, Ajwanai, Kamlapur and Mahmoodpur were releasing their solid waste in the river. The Sansthan quoted a report of the Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, which talks about the increasing anoxic condition of the Gomti water. Translated, this means a fall in the oxygen levels in the water, resulting in native flora and fauna of the river perishing. ‘‘The wastes from sugar mills are polluting the water of Gomti. The water turns red when they release the molasses. Please do the needful immediately to stop this flow of molasses in the river,’’ the letter said. The district administration forwarded the letters to concerned departments as a routine matter. But all the industries junked the report, saying it did not hold water. The Sitapur District Sugarcane Department politely rejected the laboratory tests and said that nothing alarming was found on physical verification. Sources say none of the mills have a treatment plant — a mandatory requirement. ‘‘A treatment plant needs to spend a huge amount of money on to convert the solid waste to liquid and then tonnes of chlorine is required per week to purify it before flushing it out. But a tonne of chlorine costs Rs 12,500. Bleaching powder is equally costly. Obviously, their profit margin would slide if they incur this recurring cost,’’ reasoned an officer. But the Sansthan is also complaining about the costs it has to bear to treat the water. ‘‘Since all the waste flows down to Lucknow, the Jal Sansthan’s budget goes up, as we need more chlorine and bleaching powder to clean the water’’ the letter said. So far as residential wastes are concerned, the Pollution Control Board holds that it is due to the poor sewerage system. Rajiv Kumar Bajpai, Executive Engineer, Lucknow Jal Sansthan, said: ‘‘We need money for sewerage treatment. Earlier, there were sewage pumping stations to pump wastes in Gomti sewage farm. But with the development of the Gomtinagar area, it has stopped functioning’’ (The Indian Express, Tuesday, August 09, 2005).
Sariska closed down for the monsoons (August Week 3 (2005)) For the first time since it was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1955, the Sariska Tiger Reserve has been closed till September end. Officially, the reason cited is the onset of monsoons, but forest department officials admit the real reason is their inability to prevent poachers who step up activity come the rains. According to a communiqué received from the state government, the reserve has been closed for effective enforcement against poachers. Another reason given is to ensure tiger breeding and identification of tiger habitats in the reserve. The state government says it wants to ensure effective patrolling as poachers are said to be very active during rains, as during monsoon spotting and catching a tiger is very easy as they can be seen near waterholes. Besides closing the sanctuary, a strong force of 100 home guards and 30 personnel of Rajasthan Armed Constabulary have been deployed in addition to local staff. The state government’s action is part of the monsoon patrolling scheme of the ministry. In all, 11 tiger reserves have been allocated Rs. 75.74 lakh for patrolling purpose. But Sariska is the only sanctuary that has been closed down.
Natural dyes and colors developed (August Week 3 (2005)) To reduce the use of chemical-based cosmetic materials, the Centre for Documentation, Research and Training on Natural Dyes, a unit of Gandhigram Trust, Dindigul, has developed cosmetic items including hair dye, which will hit the market shortly. Disclosing this at a consultative seminar-cum-workshop on natural dyes, sources, applications and future vision, held at the centre in Gandhigram last week, the Trust secretary, M. R. Rajagopalan said (The Hindu, August 09, 2005) experiments and trials were successful for manufacturing natural hair dye. Having standardised natural dyes for textile yarn, the centre has explored possibilities of making natural colors meant for art paints used by children and artists. It has also made considerable improvement in developing natural colors for wax and food items. Besides, research was intensified to make natural dyes in powder form. In his special address, Bharathan, natural dyes expert and in charge of the centre, said that natural dyes, non-toxic and non-hazardous, can be used for various applications such as coloring food, cosmetic things, art and crafts, painting and coating medium, writing and painting inks and even for household decorations. He added that even children can play with these colors and another good feature is that natural dyes, taken from fruits and used as food colors, are a great source of nutritive supplements. Even effluents and wastes generated after natural dyeing are best organic manure rich in nitrogen, potash and micronutrients and can be directly poured into land without treatment.
Photography competition! (August Week 3 (2005)) A state-level photography competition is being organized by the Malappuram-based cultural collective, ‘Rivertern’, in connection with the World Photography Day on August 19. The competition, in memory of the late environmental and social activist Monsoon Chandran, is being held under the aegis of the Malappuram District Information Bureau. The award comprises prize money and a citation. The first prize carries Rs 2,500, while the second and third prizes carry Rs 1,500 and Rs 1,000 respectively. The topic of the contest is ‘Vedana-Prakritiyude, Manushyante, Jeeva-jalangaludeyum’ (Pain - of nature, man and other living beings). A person is allowed a maximum of three entries. The entries in 12 x 18 CM size may be sent to the Secretary, Rivertern, Cultural Collective, Kalappadam Building, Down Hill, Malappuram. ( 9447314112). (The New Indian Express, Tuesday, August 09, 2005)
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