Forum > Man Animal Conflict > Human Elephant Conflict

Posted by Katidhan Tech on February 03, 2020

 

There has been a drastic increase in human-wildlife conflicts with the animals attacking farms/agriculture land/villages in search of food. Due to this, a lot of farmers are distress as they face huge economic losses because of the destruction of their farm and crops. But I would like to specifically write about elephants here today.

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Elephants are afraid of different predators like lions, bees, chilly plants, etc.

1. Elephants are afraid of bees: According to Oxford University, the largest animal on land is so terrified of a tiny insect that it will flap its ears, stir up dust and make noises when it hears the buzz sound. The findings are surprising because elephant skin was thought to be so thick that bee stings do not make any impression.

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      In the African forest, they were using real bees to deter away elephants. They are storing all bees in a chemical container tube that will harm bees.

2.Afraid of Mice: Theories abound that elephants are afraid of mice because the tiny creatures nibble on their feet or can climb up into their trunks.

3.   Afraid of a lion: They are afraid of the lion alarm sound.

4.   Chilly plants: Chili has the same effect when mixed with oil and smeared on strings or rugs hung on garden edges. Chilies also repel elephants when planted in or around gardens so farmers reap more to reduced attacks from elephants and also sell the chili to diversify their income.

5. Solar fencing: When an object or animal touches the fence, the electric circuit is completed by connecting to the ground, resulting in a short electric shock, which passes through the object or animal. The solar fencing system is popular and sought a system for protecting premises for Agriculture, Security or High-security applications. The requirement of Solar fencing, (which is also called as Power fencing) with Solar backup.

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6.     Message alert System: Whenever the elephant crosses through the sensory device that is placed on the farm. That device sends an alert message to the owner after which the owner will either arrive and secure his farm or move away from harm’s place.

The above method can be used to deter away from the elephant from the agricultural land. But most of them involve manual efforts that are invasive in nature. Apart from the above, we can use technological products for the elephants that can deter them away and noninvasive in nature.

a.  Flashing of lights: The elephants have pretty sensitive rods as well (the higher density of rods in the retina, the more sensitive to light one can be), so elephants do a good job when it comes to night vision compared to humans.

     The eyesight of an elephant is not as far-reaching as a human’s eyesight but its sense of smell is unparalleled. Elephants are color-blind compared to humans. In daylight, elephants are dichromic; meaning they have two kinds of color sensors in their retina: one type of cone for reds and another for green. Humans have three kinds of cones: Red, Blue, and Green referred to as tri chromic.

b.  Buzzing bee audio sound: we can use sounds of bees to deter away from the elephants from the agricultural land.

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Parabraksh is one of a kind solar-powered autonomous flashing light system, that is conceptualized and made in India. The product is environmentally friendly and it has dual charging mechanism solar and MicroUSB charging with an indicator LED lights. 

 

Parabraksh

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