Bio-Diversity

A walk along a Buxa riverbed

Posted by Soumya Banerjee on August 17, 2015

Blog

The dry bed of the Jayanti River, which cuts through the heart of Buxa Tiger Reserve in North Bengal, presents an extremely appealing sight to the naturalist.
DSCN3524
Steep hills, clothed in green, present an enchanting backdrop.
DSCN3520
The golden rays of the morning sun illuminate a landscape unmatched in beauty.
DSCN3562

Lucky is he who gets to live here.
DSCN3516
The streambeds tell us many a story of who has gone before us, and how long ago.
DSCN3570DSCN3547
May they continue to live in these bountiful hills for many a decade to come.
DSCN3463
And walk these endless paths forever.

DSCN3462To save which, from threats like these, should be every person’s duty.
DSCN3459DSCN3544

Bio-Diversity

Western Himalayas

Posted by Priyanka Gahlot on July 11, 2014

Blog
 Leh -Ladakh , wonderful experience, not a merely tourist spot, heaven for nature lover.

Pangong lake, god's marvelous creation, appearance of waves, clarity of elixir of life, richness of avifauna non forgettable moment of life.

Richness of medicinal plants, tree species, wildlife, makes western himalayan region hotspot of biodiversity. Forest of betula, Juniperus, Deodar, Pinus, Chinar, Maple a very very large green belt ensure we are in safe hands of nature.

Bio-Diversity

Biodiversity Model

Posted by ARNAB BASU on January 19, 2014

Blog

Biodiversity

 

Biodiversityis the degree of variation of life forms within a given species, ecosystem,biome, or planet. Terrestrial biodiversity tends to be highest at low latitudesnear the equator, which seems to be the result of the warm climate and highprimary productivity. Marine biodiversity tends to be highest along coasts inthe Western Pacific, where sea surface temperature is highest and in mid-latitudinalband in all oceans. Biodiversity generally tends to cluster in hotspots, andhas been increasing through time but will be likely to slow in the future.

 

Theperiod since the emergence of humans has displayed an ongoing biodiversityreduction and an accompanying loss of genetic diversity. Named the Holoceneextinction, the reduction is caused primarily by human impacts, particularlyhabitat destruction. Conversely, biodiversity impacts human health in a numberof ways, both positively and negatively.

 

TheUnited Nations designated 2011-2020 as the United Nations Decade onBiodiversity.

 

Backgroundof Project Biodiversity Park

 

I have beena student of Natural Science for more than two decades. It started when I wentto my undergraduate college in 1997 to study Botany and it’s still on when I amearning my livelihood as an Environmental Professional. Being a student ofnatural science I wanted to pay tribute to Mother Nature and I have chosen todo it by making replica of different terrestrial biodiversity model throughoutthis entire decade designated for Biodiversity.

 

Underthis project I have decided to make following seven different models withreplica of different animal species and their natural habitat:

 

1.    Mountain Forest

2.    Rain Forest

3.    Savanna Forest

4.    Polar Biodiversity

5.    Desert Biodiversity

6.    Countryside Farmhouse and

7.    Jurassic Park

 

Thisreport describes all the above mentioned models. All the information in thisreport is taken from Wikipedia, myfavourite website. In this report the first photographs of every chapter are ofmy hand made models and second photographs are taken from various websites.

 

Theanimal replicas are the products of Naturepavillionand scenic materials are bought from Woodlandscenicsand other regular local craft shops.

I have already made first three models and they are available for display in face book (https://www.facebook.com/arnab.basu.773/media_set?set=a.740265559317395.1073741828.100000018743674&type=1)


Bio-Diversity

Medicinal plants cultivation

Posted by Sheikh Gulzaar on January 11, 2014

Blog
We are delighted to inform you that Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre, "Ginkgo House" Aziz Abad, Via Wuyan-Meej Road, Pampore 192121(Health Care, Social Equity & Biodiversity Conservation) is going to organizing 3 (three) National Level Short term training courses based on Technology Demonstration at Dehradun.

This training workshop would concentrate on the theme of empowering economics of rural communities, employment generation and entrepreneurship development that will provide an opportunity to technology transfer, exchange ideas and create networking in such sector.

This training courses will draw only 25 participants, comprising of progressive entrepreneurs, academia, students, horticulturist, NGOs, State Govt. personnel of horticulture, agriculture, forestry, industry departments and well educated progressive farmers.

We request you to kindly circulate this information among colleagues, entrepreneurs in Kashmir vale and also encourage them to participate in the training workshop relevant to them. Your participation in this programme will lead to collaborations in the areas of mutual interest.

It is hoped that your local media will certainly co-operate with us by nominating progressive farmers/technical staff in such short term training courses.

Looking forward to your sustained support & co-operation.

For more details
Sheikh Gulzar (Head)
The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre

Ph: 09858986794, 01933-223705,
e-mail : jkmpic@gmail.com
home: http://jkmpic.blogspot.in
Other address: http://facebook.com/jkmpic

Bio-Diversity

Save the gene pool - " I want to change the world - Nothing is Impossible "

Posted by Arvind Kumar S. Shukla on September 28, 2013

Blog
Save The Gene Pool - " I want to change the world - Nothing is Impossible "

Emerging from the Gene Pool : Experience Life

A large gene pool indicates high genetic diversity, increased chances of biological fitness, and survival. A small gene pool indicates low genetic diversity, reduced chances of acquiring biological fitness, and increased possibility of extinction. 


Gene pool increases when mutation occurs and survives. Gene pool decreases when the population size is significantly reduced (e.g. famine, genetic disease, etc.). Some of the consequences when gene pool is small are low fertility, and increased probability of acquiring genetic diseases and deformities. 

Gene pool gives an idea of the number of genes, the variety of genes and the type of genes existing in a population. It can be used to help determine gene frequencies or the ratio between different types of genes in a population.

Bio-Diversity

Ginkgo biloba plants in India

Posted by Sheikh Gulzaar on May 17, 2013

Blog
Ginkgo House
We arrange  environmentalists with healthy, hand-grown ginkgo seedlings for soil, water and air remediation or as fire barriers, Ginkgos help indigenous species to flourish in the world without over-taking them. Since one tree can survive for 1000 years, we recommend planting wisely!

The ginkgo tree is a true survivor or " living fossil" from the Jurassic period. It saw the dinosaurs come and go and is the onlyliving tree to survive the atomic blast at Hiroshima. It can thrive for 1000 years on polluted land while reducing taxins. Besides being a highly researched medicinal wonder, they provide disease-free ornamental shade tree or tenacious forests. They are the tree that blends our ecological history with hope for the future.

Ginkgo biloba planting material is available for distribution/purchase for Research institutions, universities, associations and NGOs and educational institutions.

For more details:The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre-JKMPIC 
"Ginkgo House",Aziz Abad,Wuyan-Meej Road, Pampore PPR Jammu and Kashmir 192121
POB 667 GPO Srinagar,Residence, Srinagar SGR JK 190001
Mob:09858986794
Ph: 01933-223705
e-mail:jkmpic@gmail.com
home: http://jkmpic.blogspot.in

Bio-Diversity

The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre

Posted by Sheikh Gulzaar on May 14, 2013

Blog

The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centrewas established in 1991 by Botanist Sheikh Gulzaar , head , who is from an journalism background.  The institution is based in Aziz Abad village, Pampore, Jammu and Kashmir. The head of the said institution is Sheikh Gulzaar, who has done serve research in the line of medicinal plants for which he travelled from Kashmir Himalayan mountain tops as well as has crossedglaciers also and has struggled to such an extent that he has created ahistory. The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre  is continuously researching since  18 years and is in research of medicinalplants and is interested to meet the expectations and needs of the nation. Not only the said The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre is working in the country but throughout the world its research is going on. Mr.Sheikh Gulzaar has spent most of his life on Himalayan mountains, footsteps and river banks while he was travelling for the project.

The Head of the the Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre Sheikh Gulzaar is continuously in research of medicinal ,fruit plants and wild flowers  and havealso cultivated some products in his own plant introduction center as such hasdone a great job which was not even in our mind ever. Some  medicinal/fruit  plants  are Ginkgo biloba ,  Lycium barbarum ,Lavetra cashmerina , Geranium wallichiana , Cichorium intybus , Crocus sativus ,Hyoscyamusniger , Hippophae rhamnoides Inula racemosa, Iris cashmerina , Dioscorea deltodia, Salvia hians , Salvia officinalis, Salvia  moorcroftiana, Salvia sclarea , Aquilegia pubiflora, Paeonia emodi,Berberis lyceum , Epimedium elatum,  Podophyllum hexandrum , Viola odorata ,Hypericum perforatum , Peganum harmala , Aesculus indica, Ajuja  bracteosa , Sambucus wightiana, Taxus baccata, Verbascum Thapsus, Valeriana officinalis, Atropa belladonna, Atropa  acuminate, Artemisia absinthium,Achillea millefolium, Allium victoralis, Colchicum luteum,Phytolacca acinosa,Saussurea  costus, Corylus avellanaetc.

The said medicinal plants  are having a good demand not only in the country but abroad also. Buy cultivating such plants the institution  has till date provided such plants to about 34 thousand research institutions,individuals  & progressive farmers   and in this way he has helped the researchers but have provided such plants to them time to time with the result the said institution  has earned a good fame in the country as well as have given training to so many unemployed and educated youth of the country hence in this way they are able to earn their livelihood.

The institution has received about  7880 applications since 1994 for giving fulldes criptions regarding such plants as well as identity ,birth, botanical information and family structure of such plants and its benefits as well as they have been given letter of originty, Phytosanitary information & letter of authenticity , with the result such fellows have been absolutely helped in carrying  over their research forward.The real thing is to know the full description and identity of such plants which has been provided by the said. Sheikh Gulzaar , otherwise  the researchers would have not been in know of all the benefits of such plants.

As the Kashmir valey is one of the cold region of Himalaya and the season of valley is not trustworthy here remains, cold temperature, snowfall fast winds etc., with the result the public are suffering and every year huge losses  are being faced by us as well as research jobis also being  affected, because due to non-availability of high-tech green houses, so many valuable plants dies due to extensive heat or cold and we requested so many times to Government  to provideus  proper place near high altitude sothat we may be  able to cultivate other countries medicinal , wild flowers and fruit plants here also . I have also secured hundreds of seeds from Europe, Middle East and Africa and have planted them in different areas and has obtained seeds from them as well as medicines,but it is difficult as the said seeds are only being sowing in such areas where the atmosphere will be neat and clean, by this way we are not only getting help in research job but we are making it possible to cultivate such plants which has not been actually given any attention. In this research I am facing such difficulties  but also I am bearing 3-5 thousands expenses per plant/tree. E.g. I am planting a tree  near the mountains of  South Kashmir then after 2-6 months I have to take the same tree seedling. to high altitude and have to  plant in such plants a place where there will be no rush of general public or animals just keep it as a secret. When such plants become ready  then we are obtaining seeds from them and the selling them India &abroad.

Till date government of Jammu and Kashmir as has not helped us in any way, we have got on lab or other high-tech facilities  so that our job will become easy and we are not using any chemicals, fertilizer etc. for such medicinal plants nor other technology but we are dependent upon organics fertilizers  i.e. biomass, peat, manure plant leaves, tree barks but to obtain such items we have to work hard as such the public is not hesitating to purchase our seeds and our target remains always upon such medicinal plants which is having demand in the market for ever.

The basic education I have obtained fromKashmir and for higher education I went to Mumbai, Nagpur, Bangalore and have done M.Sc (Botany) and Diploma in cinema (Maharashtra), Computer Sciience and Environment Technology (Srinagar) and Mass communication/Journalism from(Delhi).

My main target is practical and Research & Development and I am feeling too much due to adverse conditions of the Himalayan state of Kashmir as I havenot  been given any help by the Govermnetof Jammu and Kashmir. As my whole job is land or  agriculture that even the same needs at high altitude. To invest for upliftment of J&K I have  to make my focus on Kashmir Himalaya for cultivating such plants to obtain medicines which can be used for Cancer disease also and second main focus will be Food Technology as our country is presently facing heavy danger of Cancer and shortage of food and I will do my struggle till last breath.

At present my main project is`` High Altitude Medicinal “ where I am working and have to collect the data and if at this time the Government will cooperate and help me than I will meet the ends of success. We must note itthat in future we will have clothes, homes but the food and medicine s will beshort as such shortage has to fulfill. We are living under the open sky that is right but living without food and medicine is IMPOSSIABLE.

For more information, contact:
Mr. Sheikh Gulzaar
The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre
“Ginkgo House” Aziz Abad, Nambalbal, (Via Wuyan-Meej Road), Pampore PPR J&K 192121
(Site locations: Gulmarag, Kishtwar, Ramban, Phalgham, Sonamarag & Gauran)
Or
POB: 667 GPO Srinagar SGR J&K 190001
Ph: 01933-223705
Mob: 09858986794
e-mail: jkmpic@gmail.com
home: http://jkmpic.blogspot.com


Bio-Diversity

Ways to dialogue

Posted by Himani Kala on December 12, 2012

Blog

Ways to Dialogue..........

Annual river in Kumbhalgarh WLS
I do not know how to express my view today….I was in the field “Kumbhalgarh WLS” to share our research findings with local community called “Raika”. Raika is a community whose main occupation is livestock rearing especially sheep and goat rearing and they are traditionally dependent on the forest for their need.


View of Aravalli Hills


Garasia Tribal

Raika community









                            This workshop cum field visit was organized by an NGO called “Lok-hit Pashu Palak Sansthan (LPPS) that is working with Raikas for the welfare of this community in the vicinity of Kumbhalgarh WLS. Then being with Foundation for Ecological Security (FES) (presently with Green Future Foundation, GFF) my colleague and I was asked to share our research as well as “what we are doing inside and outside the protected areas for the benefit of local communities and on conservation aspect”.  Other participants were from Kalpvriksh (NGO from Pune) and Sahjeevan (NGO from BHuj-Kachchh) along with few members of Maldhari community from Banni Grassland (Kachchh- Gujarat). This Maldhari community was invited to share their views about the conservation of grasslands in extreme western part of country. Apart from this they did share their notion about Forest Right Act (2006) and how they are managing their resources in sustainable manner.  
Grass potential of Kumbhalgarh WLS
Known person from Kalpvriksh was very clear in telling about the Forest Right Act, Individual Property Right (IPR) and Community Property Right (CPR).  Many things are very much clearly mentioned in the Act but some of the NGOs are trying to misinterpret the information available and the local community vivaciously grasping this information. It is so disheartening to see how the real facts are getting distorted!!!!! I wanted to tell many things but I didn’t find it as a suitable platform. Though, it was very difficult for me to keep myself quiet, and I did communicate with local community but in a different perspective. One thing which came up, was the management aspect, it’s not that local community cannot manage their resources but lack of collective efforts or you can say lack of UNITY is becoming a major problem.  Most of my friends think that these tribal and local communities are innocent people but increased impact of technology and politics has grown its root deeper at the village level and that is where their innocence is paying interest. Literate people are taking advantage of their innocence and lack of accord to earn their bread. It’s so ridiculous!


I am a wildlife biologist, I do care about the forest and practically I am against any type of developmental activities inside the forest, I do believe in natural flow of nutrient and natural regeneration of forest but on the other hand I do aware of the rights which are being asked by local community. Here comes my concern of transient the information, passing on the right information and in precise way should be the criteria in engaging these people with us. Dialogue with respective department and local community should be in agenda. If government has brought some Act for the welfare of the tribal community, then we all should join hands together towards the sustainable management and conservation of our resources.
Some of the NGOs are behaving like a rival of forest department. In this way the differences and clashes between the forest department and local community cannot be filled.  These NGOs should work like cement instead of working like a negative catalyst.  Overall these resources are all ours and it’s our duty to conserve these resources in sustainable manner. If economic growth is necessary for the country then same thing should apply for the tribal also and I don’t think anyone will deny this fact of economic and social uplifting of local and tribal community but in this social and economic uplifting one should never forget our environment and sustainable use of natural resources.  

Bio-Diversity

A Majestic abode for Wildlife………..

Posted by Himani Kala on December 12, 2012

Blog

A Majestic abode for Wildlife………..

Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary is a beautiful abode for the birds of different regions. It is supposed to believe that Goddess 'Sita' had spent her few years of exile in this area, hence this sanctuary named as Sitamata WLS with three perennial rivers in its account. This sanctuary has its immense importance in Southern Rajasthan mainly because it forms the northwestern limit of Teak-bamboo forests and the fauna occurring there in. It is exceptional for diversity and interspersion of habitats, which includes area of teak stands, wetlands, perennial streams, gentle undulating mountains, natural deep gorges and fine grooves of mixed woodlands. The location of this sanctuary being at the inter junction of the Aravalli, Vindyan hill ranges, and Malwa Plateau makes it zoo-geographically important and more unique as floral and faunal elements of both ranges could occur.
This majestic Wildlife Sanctuary (SWLS) lies in the districts of Chittaurgarh, Udaipur and newly formed Pratapgarh district in the southwest region of Rajasthan State extending upto 422.95 km2. Three perennial river i.e. Jakham, karmoi and Sitamata wet the sanctuary through out the year. General topography presents a picture of tangled wilderness of ridges, plateaus, valleys with network of streams and at places fairly wide plains.
The climate is characterized by distinct winter, summer and monsoon season.The winter commences from November and becomes cold in December –January with the minimum temperature of 6oC. Summer starts from mid March and the heat become intense in April with the maximum temperature of 45oC. Rain showers from mid June and continues up to mid September. Sometimes winter showers also occur in January-February. 
Bauhinia racemosa
Bolssom
Peristylis spp.
  When talk about Rajasthan, only scene comes in mind is vast sand dunes, desert, dry areas but seeing this sanctuary would surely surprise everyone by seeing network of three rivers Jakham, the Karmoi and the Sitamata and accompanied lush green riparian vegetation is main characteristic of this sanctuary.All this have resulted in diverse micro and macro habitats that are home to quite a few conservation significant floral species like Sterculia urens,Dendrocalamus strictus, Chlorophytum tuberosum, Buchanania lanzan, Desmostachya bipinnata, Gloriosa superba and Orchid like Vanda and Peristylis.
 

 
With so many characteristics, this sanctuary is interspersed with about 26 villages and their agriculture field that creates a typical mosaic; while along the periphery there are nearly 20 villages. The agricultural activities coupled with the heavy biotic pressure of domestic livestock, illicit cutting of wood, timber and bamboo and other MFP collection, encroachments, both inside and the periphery exerts enormous pressure on the PA.
Indian Peafowl
This entire geographic feature makes this sanctuary perfect abode for more then 300 species of birds including Indian Pitta, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Black-naped Monarch, Verditer Flycatcher, Ultramarine Flycatcher, three type of Kingfisher and major attraction is Stroke-billed Kingfisher in the riverine, Tit species like Black-lored Tit, Great Tit, small birds like munias and winter visitors like warblers, and even can see dancing Indian Peafowls everywhere in the monsoon season. 
Peacock Pansy
Butterflies like Lime butterflies, Mormon, Blue Tigers, Grey, blue, peacock and chocolate pansy can be seen feeding on many flowering species.                                                                           
Tiny spiders are of course can bring joy of being in the forest.
Mammals like Palm and Small Indian Civet are an attraction in the night feeding on some fruiting trees. Jungle Cat and smallest Rusty-spotted Cat is also a feature of attraction in the sanctuary along with endangered Four-horned Antelope. 



Indian Rock Python
Reptiles like Fan-throated Lizard, to poisonous Kobra, Krait to Python, even crocodiles can be seen at the bank of Jakham Dam.






Overall this sanctuary is a must visit place in southern Aravallis. Even Sitamata temple is located at the heart of the sanctuary midst of lush green forest with riverine all along. 
Ravines
Waterfall near Sitamata Temple
One could ever imagine a walk in the forest listening chirping birds all over, fishes and even small crabs in the river, water is so clear that one can even see river-bed full of small pebbles, deep gorges and valley and after that a small water fall. It’s so comforting to be in this protected area. I would advise to all my friends to take some time off from their busy life and visit this place at least once in their life.

2 comments:

Bio-Diversity

Mangarbani

Posted by Susan Sharma on September 05, 2012

Blog

Read the interesting piece about Mangarbani at the link
http://forbesindia.com/printcontent/32350


.... The spry-at-78 Arthur F. Bentley professor of political science at Indiana University, however, backs Mangar villagers and conservationists because she does believe in the durability of traditional community-based models of preserving and judiciously using common resources such as water, fisheries and forests. ......

Ostrom’s research is particularly important for India which is struggling to manage its commons, be it forests or water. Flashpoints are becoming frequent as demands of a burgeoning population and its development needs put pressure on common property. The 600-acre Mangarbani, for instance, falls within Faridabad’s new 20-year development plan that would allow construction and other projects in eco-sensitive areas. But what they fail to grasp is that the forests are crucial to the maintenance of an ecosystem that helps recharge the aquifers beneath the Aravalli hills. ......







Page 1 of 6 1 2 3 4 5 6



Copyright © 2001 - 2017 Indian Wildlife Club. All Rights Reserved. | Terms of Use