"Recent Amendments to the Wildlife Act". Chat on 18 July 2004
Susan Welcome to todays chat! The topic for today's chat is The chat will start at 7.30 PM(IST)
Welcome Ritwick Dutta
Hello Mr.Dutta hope u'll throw some light from ur rich experience
Easa Ritick, can you just mention the highlights the amendments
Ritwick The amendment in 2002 is very significant and its important to understand some of its major
Ritwick , can you spell out the major amendments in lay terms?
Ritwick Firstly the preamble of the Act has been changed so that the purpose is not only to protect
wild animals but also to ensure the ecological and environmental security of the country
What are the additions one by one.
Ritwick two new categories of protected areas have been included viz Conservation Reserves and
What are these and what are siginificances of these
Susan These are the buffer areas of protected parks?
so wht all major changes were made in the recent amendments Sir what i feel is that unless you enforce the laws its no point having several amendments
Ritwick Yes as well as no conservation reserves are areas owned by the government and specifiacally
for protecting seasacpes, landscapes and areas that link one protected area with another as well as buffer areas
Ritwick Community Reserves on the other hand are areas owned by the community or private individuals
and where the community has traditionally conserved these areas
so are the rules followed by the local community
Ritwick sarit, proper implementation is only possible if we have laws that are implementable
shyam can u please tell how much of area is under different categories
Easa What are the procedures to declare these reserves
The first question should be how one dclares these Reserves and then is there any area declared in the country under these provisions
Sarit Sir, today i had a debate with my professor that , what he said is it is bettter to control
the tiger population rather than shifting the inhabitants of the forests/ so please do tell me how do i justify my point in such cases?
Ritwick The power to declare a conservation as well as community reserves is vested in the state
Ritwick dear sarit, the person best to answer your question will be Dr Easa
Easa The first question should be how one dclares these Reserves and then is there any area
declared in the country under these provisions
Ritwick to answer Dr Easa's question..as far as i know no community resreves or conservation reserves
The inhabitants of the forests are tiger and other animals. Of course there are people inside and even in the fringes. But the question of shifting people is debated.
Ritwick The other major amendement is that a area becomes a sanctuary the moment an intended notification
There are problems while people are shifted. Rehabilitation never takes place in the real sense. more often, the people are stranded.
Sarit Well once the Supreme court has gievn a verdict in favor of the wild species then where
is the room for debate, or is it that Supremecourt's decision have become customary now
Easa The advocates of shifting people most often forgets the social, cultural and economic
implications of such shifting. Let us come back to the amendments
Sadly, the Supreme Court has not passed any verdict in favour of wildlife
shyam in orissa there everyday one can see that elephants have destroyed some habitation or
somebody has been trampled by elephants, the reason given that elephants are encroaching into human habitation , But the real fact is men have poached into the elephants habitat - how do we control this
how are recent amendments going to help wildlife conservation in a better way
mangesh Hello Everybody
Ashok Kumar, Vice President of the Wildlife Protection Society of India, points out that the wildlife protection law has also failed to deter well- known Indian wildlife traders, like Sansar Chand who has
the largest number of smuggling cases against him and yet roams free
Easa The problem of human wildlife conflict could be a topic next month. Let us use the experience
of Rithwick to know more about the amendments, its implications and implementations
shyam how do we make a distinction between POACHERS AND TRADERS?
mangesh The wildlife Protection Act1972- Section12 I can't Understand
Ritwick The amendments are positive also because now section 29 has ben amended so that no destruction
of wildlife can take place unless the destruction is for the benefit of wildlife.
Easa Ritick can you tell us more about the rest of the additions or deletions.
Is it true that caging of Indian birds is now totally banned under the wildlife protection act and if so then if we come across such a person who is keeping a bird in captivity then what action can we take?
Ritwick Section 12 allows for hunting of wildlife if it is for the purpose of Scientific research,
management or educational purposes by the Chief Wildlife Warden
shyam But then how do we know if the destruction has been done for the benefit of wildlife
or for the benefit of some individual/group
mangesh The wildlife Protection Act1972- Section12 I can't Understand
shyam people can cash in on the loop holes
Ritwick Sarit, keeping an Indian bird other than crow is prohibited. You can report the offence
to the Forest Department or the police for violation of the WPA
Ritwick The CWLW, is the authority to decide on it and the approval of the State government as
well as the National Board for wildlife is mandatory
If animals are caught for the purposes of research or management or educational purposes, we never use the term hunting. It is capture for research or sacrifice to know more about the disease in a population
of animals. It is culling if it is for control of the population increase.
Sarit but then reporting to the police department won't solve the problem as they will take
the bird and relase without realising that if it can adopt to the new environment
Sarit what is the punishment for this offence
Ritwick this brings us to the other main inclusion in the amendment i.e of the National Board for
Wildlife with the PM as chairman as the statutory authority to decide on wildlife issues
mangesh Nowdays Tigers & panthers mostly available in Konkan Division, why now? & who is resposible
Ritwick sarit, the police cannot release the birds, the offender is produced before a Magistrate
and the birds are handed over to the Wildlife Department to be dealt
Lots of issues are involved in the animals straying into habitations. We can probably think of it for debate one day.
Sirs, as this platform is very short in terms of space n time , so may i request both of you to provide us with your mail ids so that we can contact you in future whenever required?
Sarit hope you won't dissapoint us
Easa Why is it that people are not ready to use the provisions of Community and Conservation
reserves. What were the conclusions in the Mumbai meeting.
Ritwick of course you can have my email. its email@example.com
I saw Dart Gun is not available with any Vets. or even not a net also available to catch tigers at Forest Officers, Isn't a great problem to wild life?
shyam i agree with sarit
firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Ritwick The mumbai meetings broad conclusion was that conservation reserves have some hope but
community reseves do not in view of the lack of benefit of the community
Easa Is there any major problems to declare the areas into such Reserves? I think you need
the permission of the owner(individual or community) to declare private areas as reserves
Dart guns alone may not help. You should have the drugs, knowledge about the dosge and care after capture and rehabilitation or other facilities
Sarit but then if the experts feel and the government realize that it is necessary to declare
a place as reserve then it can purchase the land as it does in case of other civilian constrctions works
Ritwick the WPA does not provide for any permission of the owner...there are many grey areas in
the provisions realted to CommunityReserves and unless these are addressed ther is no hope
mangesh What about forest Officers?
Ritwick What do you need to know about forest officers
Sarit acha from your experience what you think is the best way to make people abide by these
laws and don't take it for granted becuase it is related to wildlife
Forest oFficers must have nets & training to catch Tigers
Is there any major problems to declare the areas into such Reserves? I think you need the permission of the owner(individual or community) to declare private areas as reserves Rithwick it would be good to
give a write up on the recent amendments for the benefit of the members and there could be further clarifications by those who wants to know more
Ritwick Murders and Abduction continue to take place despite having IPC and CrPC. If having laws
would have solved our problems then India would be a paradise
yes Easa thats a great idea if you can give a write up
Easa Laws and rules are meant to deter people and act as guidelines. It may not stop crimes
and misdeeds. Am I right, Rithwick?
Ritwick Dr Easa can send detailed notes on Community Reserves to anyone who ins intersted...
Ritwick you are right Dr Easa !
shyam that would be a good idea
Sarit please do send me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Easa Yes I shall collect it from Ritwick and get back to you.
Easa Sarit, you have to definitely remind thorugh a mail.
Sarit ladies n gentlemen , may i take leave now as i've got a class
Ritwick great to chat with you all....you can send me your specific quesries and I will be happy
to answer you all
Sarit Thanks a lot to both of u Easa n Ritwick for putting your valuable inputs into the discussions
i'll surely get back to u as i need to learn a lot regarding Wildlife laws and other things related to conservation
Thank You, Hope we'll get minimum ideas.
Ritwick thanks tio you all
Shall we call it a day or night?Next time there should be brief not on the topic of discussion and then chat will be more effective.
yeah sure i'll send a mail
Ritwick I agree with you Dr Easa
Thank you all. it was live but could have been more focussed.
Lets call it a day ....lets hope for a bright day for wildlife ...their day begins now
Let me tell u all one good news ME and SARIT have started a nature club under WWF here in Bhubaneswar name - Prakruti soon we will be having our formal inauguration
Easa That is a good concluding note from the moderator.
Easa Thanks and bye
shyam bye everybody
Mithun It's 9 o clock time to stop chat room. Thanks